About Conditions

An acquired brain injury can have a lasting impact on a person’s ability to move, communicate, think and remember, and can affect their life, work and relationships.

People with autism spectrum disorder find it hard to relate to others socially and have problems with communication and behaviour. A lifelong disorder, it is often diagnosed in childhood.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a physical disability that affects movement and posture. It is a permanent life-long condition, but generally does not worsen over time.

Thousands of Australians have genetic conditions that cause physical or intellectual disabilities. Some of these conditions are inherited, while others are caused by random alteration in one or more genes in the person’s body.

Every child develops at her or his own pace – some will be faster than you’d expect, and others will be slower than you’d expect.

Motor neurone disease is a condition that causes progressive weakness and paralysis of the muscles that allow people to move, breathe, swallow and speak.

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that damages nerve cells in the brain, spinal cord and optic nerve. It can lead to muscle tingling and spasms, paralysis of limbs, difficulty walking, loss of bladder control and vision problems.

Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of rare diseases which progressively weaken muscles.

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic disorder that affects movement. People with Parkinson’s disease may find it hard to walk, talk, write, dress and do other everyday tasks.

A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted and brain cells die. A stroke can lead to permanent brain damage or death, so should always be treated as a medical emergency.